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Archive for July, 2011|Monthly archive page

It isn’t a stew, it’s a ragu

In Recipes on July 29, 2011 at 4:54 am

In Italy you would not necessarily see the sort of Bolognese sauce we serve up here in Australia.  This sauce at its most basic is  onion, garlic, dried basil, beef mince, tomato and seasonings all boiled up together and served over spaghetti.  Some people may add diced carrot and celery to the mix but it is still quite different in texture to the meat ragu style sauces that would be served in an Italian trattoria or home kitchen.  In Italy mince would not be used and the ragu could include any meat from beef to veal or duck.  I like to serve my ragu with rigatoni instead of the usual spaghetti as the large holes in the pasta tubes are good for trapping the rich sauce.

Ragu served with rigatoni

Beef Ragu  

Ingredients  

750 g topside or blade steak (cubed)

2 rashers bacon or 3-4 thin slices pancetta

1 large onion

1 large carrot

2 stalks celery

1 medium bulb fennel

2 cloves garlic (minced)

1 tbs tomato paste

1 tsp dried oregano

1/2 tsp all spice

1 bay leaf

1 sprig fresh rosemary

2 strips orange zest (I use a potato peeler)

1 cup red wine

1 tin diced Italian tomatoes

1 cup beef stock

freshly ground black pepper

1-2 tbs olive oil

water

flour for dusting

Method  

Finely dice the onion, fennel, celery and carrot.  Chop the bacon or pancetta.  Dust the meat with the flour.  Heat some of the oil in a large heavy based saucepan.  Brown the meat in batches.  Remove and set aside.  Add a little more oil to the pan and gently fry the onion, fennel, celery, carrot, bacon and garlic.  Add the dried oregano, bay leaf, all spice, orange zest and tomato paste.  Fry for 1 min.  Add the red wine and cook for a further 2 mins.  Add the tomatoes, beef stock and 1 cup water.  Return the meat to the pan and season with pepper – don’t add salt at this point as the bacon and the beef stock can be salty, you can adjust your seasoning to taste at the end of the cooking time.  Bring to the boil, cover and reduce to a low simmer.  Cook for two hours stirring occasionally.  When the beef is almost falling apart, remove lid and reduce sauce for 15 mins.  Make sure there is still plenty of sauce.  Serve over rigatoni or large penne pasta.

Tasty and filling

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Spilling the Beans

In Recipes on July 20, 2011 at 4:42 am

Dried beans are the most versatile, cheap and easy ingredient to use.  Many people are put off by the fact that they need to be soaked in cold water overnight before they are ready for cooking.  This is just a matter of a bit of forward planning, it certainly doesn’t present any real difficulty.  You can substitute canned beans but I find the dried ones, cooked from scratch have a lot more flavour.  One of the most famous bean dishes is the French cassoulet – a long slow cooked casserole of haricot beans, pork and duck confit among other things.  Stephanie Alexander’s recipe contains five different cuts of pork and twelve confit duck legs along with the essential haricot beans.  I would not suggest it as a budget recipe.  I often use red kidney beans to a make Mexican chilli that can be served with burrito tortillas or tacos and a couple of sides such as guacamole, salsa, sour cream and cheese.  These are cheap, easy and filling.

Another bean dish I like to make is Boston Baked Beans.  These are delicious sweet, tangy slow cooked beans that I would usually serve with eggs as a breakfast dish.  This works well as the beans are best made the day before and stored in the fridge overnight to develop their flavour.  The next morning all you have to do is gently warm them while you are cooking your eggs.  Leftover beans can be frozen.

Beans make a great breakfast dish

     Boston Baked Beans  

Ingredients  

1 cup each of dried borlotti and cannelini beans (soaked overnight in cold water)

1 smoked ham hock

2 large onions (finely chopped)

2-3 tbs molasses, treacle or maple syrup (to taste)

1/4 cup loosely packed brown sugar

2 tbs cider vinegar

2 tbs Worcestershire sauce

1 tsp dried mustard powder

1 tsp freshly ground black pepper

1/2 cup ketchup or tomato sauce

1/2 a can of Italian diced tomatoes

 1 or 2 bay leaves

1 tbs olive oil

Method  

Pour beans, along with their soaking water, into a large pot.  Bring to the boil and simmer gently for 45 mins – 1 hour or until beans are tender when pierced with a fork.  Drain, reserving the cooking liquid.  Gently fry the onions in the oil until translucent.  Add all other ingredients including the reserved cooking liquid.  Add a little water if there is not enough liquid to cover the ham hock.  Cover and simmer gently on the stove top for two hours.  If the ham hock is tender, remove from pot.  Discard the fat and bones and shred the ham, set aside.  Cook the beans for a further 45 mins uncovered, allowing the sauce to thicken and reduce.  Add the ham and simmer for a further 15 mins.

No question about Heston

In Recipes on July 12, 2011 at 4:35 am

Love him or loathe him there is no doubt that Heston Blumenthal has a passion for food.  When he is testing for his television series – sampling such gut churning ingredients as bulls testicles and lamprey spinal chords –  he may be considered the culinary equivalent of Man Vs Wild’s Bear Grylls but he is not all about shocking his viewers.  I first became interested in him because I have an abiding interest in food history.  Obviously Heston does too, remember the cockentrice, a mythical meat monster that might have been quite at home on Henry VIII’s table or the ‘meat fruit’ made from the aforementioned bulls testicles – feminist academic Germaine Greer appeared to enjoy eating these a little too much!  It seems that Royal courts and aristocratic households of the past liked a joke.  Food was theater and due to the large number of servants the upper classes maintained they were able to create this sort of food trickery on a regular basis.

When I approached the idea of cooking one of Heston’s dishes myself I was looking for something a little more accessible so I thought I would give his thrice cooked chips a go.  He uses Maris Piper potatoes which are readily available in the UK but impossible to find here in Australia.  I did some research and found that the closest approximation here was the good old Desiree that is available in every supermarket these days.  The chips were a bit of a process but I can honestly say that the resulting chips were the best I have ever tasted.

Heston's chips

Crunchy on the outside, fluffy on the inside

Heston’s Thrice Cooked Chips*

Ingredients

1.2kg Desiree potatoes

2-3 litres peanut oil (I used much less and fried mine in batches in a wok, just make sure you have enough to cover)

sea salt

Method

Wash and peel the potatoes, then cut them into chips about 1.5cm thick.  When cut, place them in a large bowl for 2-3 minutes under cold running water to rinse off some of the starch.  Drain.  Bring a large saucepan of salted water to the boil, add the chips, bring back to the boil and then simmer until the potatoes are soft.  It is important to make sure the simmer is gentle so that the potatoes don’t start to fall apart before they are cooked through.   Using a slotted spoon, carefully lift the potatoes out of the water and place on a cake rack.  Leave to cool and then put in the fridge until cold (the dry air of the fridge removes excess moisture from the chips via evaporation).  Pour enough oil to cover the chips into a deep-fat fryer (or, if doing in batches, enough to cover the chips in a wok) and heat it to 130c.  A good way to check the temperature if you don’t have a thermometer is to insert the handle of a wooden spoon into the oil, if bubbles form around the handle the oil is hot enough.  Plunge in the chips and allow them to cook until they take on a dry appearance and are slightly coloured.  Remove the chips and drain.  Allow to cool on a cake rack then return to the fridge until cold.  Reheat the peanut oil to 190c (I just made it a little hotter than the earlier frying, you can test by observing the ferocity of the bubbles around the wooden spoon handle).  Plunge in the chips and cook until golden brown.  This may take about 8-10 minutes.  Season with sea salt and serve immediately.

*I have made some modifications to suit the home cook

Best chips I've ever had

Classic Carbonade

In Recipes on July 4, 2011 at 3:53 am

There was frost on the grass when I went for my walk this morning and the days have shortened.  People are going to work while it still dark and returning home in the dark seeing only the faux daylight of the office or the flourescent lit train in between.  It is definitely the time of year for good, comforting food that will warm a person from the inside out.  In my little pot garden only the hardiest of winter herbs are still producing.  There are some small leeks and an abundance of fresh thyme.  The leeks will be good sauteed in some olive oil and butter as a side dish and the thyme makes me think of long, slow cooked braises and stews.  Flicking through my old recipe books I am drowning in a wine dark sea of casseroles but my choice is made when I look in the fridge and see a couple of Cooper’s Sparkling Ales.  I will make one of the first dishes I ever cooked, a Carbonade de Boeuf.

Carbonade de Boeuf is a delicious casserole of beef, onions and beer.  These, along with a few other ingredients, are cooked long and slow until the beef is falling apart and the onions have almost melded into the sauce.  Then it is topped with slices of good bread, spread thickly with Dijon mustard.  The result is a delicious rich stew with a beautiful unctuous consistency, under a crust of crunchy, slightly piquant bread.  It is good served with a roasted garlic mash.

Carbonade de Boeuf

Carbonade de Boeuf  

Ingredients  

1kg blade or chuck steak

2 tbs olive oil

1 tbs butter

3 large onions (halved lengthways and finely sliced)

2 tbs flour

2 cloves garlic (crushed)

1 tbs tomato paste (optional)

bouquet garni (thyme, parsley and a bay leaf)

salt, pepper and a good grate of nutmeg

1 tsp sugar

1 tbs cider vinegar

350ml brown ale (I have found that Cooper’s Red produces a good result)

3 slices of good bread (rye or sourdough) spread thickly on one side with Dijon mustard

2 cups chicken stock or water

Method  

Cube the beef and toss it in the flour.  Heat half the oil in a heavy based saucepan or casserole.  Brown the meat and remove to a plate.  Add the rest of the oil and the butter and saute the onions until they are translucent.  Add the garlic, nutmeg, salt and pepper, cook for 1 min.  Add the tomato paste and cook for a further min.  Add the vinegar, sugar, bouquet garni and beer.  Cook for a 2 mins.  Return the meat to the pot and add the chicken stock or water.  Bring to the boil and simmer gently for 11/2 hours with the lid on ( if cooking in the oven the same amount of time at 180c) or until the meat is really tender.  Top the stew with the bread, mustard side up.  Dunk the bread gently under the gravy and bake, uncovered, in a 180c oven for a further 1/2 hour or until the bread is crisp and lightly brown.

Hint

I thought wholegrain mustard would look better for the photo so I used it this time.  It is not as good, it doesn’t have the piquancy that the Dijon mustard does.